As you know Change Data Capture harvests transactions from the log file. I was wondering what happens when the log file gets truncated during transaction log backups or when an automatic checkpoint takes place on a database in simple recovery mode causing log truncation. What if the CDC job has not harvested those records in the portion of the log to be truncated. I had the feeling that the SQL Engine ensured that this would not happen but I wanted to understand the internals of this process. turns out, with all the information available about CDC it was hard to find a straight answer on this. But I did.